While potential language barriers may be a deterrent for those on the fence about studying abroad, language learning is also the place where you can grow the most during your experience. A 2008 poll published by the American Council on Education (ACE), Art & Science Group, and the College Board found that 38% of students surveyed said they planned on learning to speak the language fluently for their studies abroad, while 33% planned on learning enough to be able to converse with native speakers.
Whatever language level students have entering their study abroad program, there will always be communication challenges, whether with local students, their host family, or with people in the community. The following tips can help you overcome any language barriers you may encounter.
Before study abroad
Because many study abroad programs don’t require a minimum language proficiency, for those who have little to no knowledge of the local language, it’s wise to learn the very basics beforehand. Many programs will have a guide of basic topics to cover, such as the phonetic alphabet, greetings, and everyday phrases. Of course, students shouldn’t stress about getting all these things down perfectly, as they’ll be reinforced once you get to the country and start taking classes.
For those who already consider themselves proficient in their target language, basic review via self-study is always a good idea to gain extra confidence before being fully immersed. Although many students have been studying a foreign language for years, there is no substitute for immersion, and even the most advanced language learner can feel overwhelmed at first. Some good self-review can include going over old textbooks and homework, finding new lessons online, or listening to music or watching movies in the language.
Another thing students should do is download a dictionary app on their smartphone that can be accessed even when there is no internet connection. While Google Translate is useful for phrases (though not entirely accurate), it relies on an internet connection that may not always be available. There are plenty of free dictionary apps that are helpful when you need to look up a word on the go.
During study abroad
While many students will naturally improve in a language through immersion, there are many bad habits that can impede their improvement, like becoming complacent in their language study or getting used to not understanding things. In order to make use of every opportunity to grow and strenghten your language skills while you’re abroad, there are some simple things you can do.
The first is to look up useful words and phrases before entering certain situations to reduce potential language barriers. For example, before going to get a haircut, it may be a good idea to look up how to say things such as, “Please cut it short,” or, “I would like a shampoo and cut.” Students should also look up words and phrases for situations they find themselves in often. For instance, being able to understand phrases shopkeepers use is essential to surviving your study abroad experience.
During moments of struggle where you don’t comprehend a word or phrase, it can help to ask the native speaker to explain it more slowly or use different, easier words instead of just asking for it in English. Following this exchange, students should make a note of the word or phrase on their smartphone to refer to later. This ensures better retainment rather than learning the word and immediately forgetting it.
When all else fails, there’s nothing wrong with using body language or broken sentences with major grammatical mistakes; most locals will appreciate the fact that you’re trying to communicate in their language. While some students may have the initial reaction of trying to communicate in English, hoping the people around them will understand, those who struggle to speak in a foreign language are usually the ones that improve the most.
After study abroad
Going home can be a mix of feelings—some feel relieved that they’re finally in a place where everything is familiar again, while others are sad to leave at a time when they were just getting more proficient in the local language. The good thing about our heavily globalized world is that foreign language learning doesn’t have to stop once your program is over. Although there is no replacement for immersion, the second-best thing is to use the language frequently with native speakers. Setting up a way to keep in contact with people you met abroad is important to continue improving. Engaging in daily text conversations, weekly video chats, or even an occasional letter is a good way to keep the language fresh in your brain. Who knows—maybe some day you’ll return to your study abroad country for work or vacation, and the ability to keep up on the language will be a great advantage.
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