Originally Posted: Nov 23, 2011
Last Updated: May 12, 2015
What’s the sum of 2 + 2? If you’re taking the SAT or ACT, the answer is 4. Definitely.
But when is the whole greater than the sum of the parts? In the context of service learning, the total is always more than the combination of individual pieces.
Okay, maybe this sounds like gibberish, but here’s the explanation. Service learning is a method of teaching and learning that combines academic experiences with meaningful service elements. Certainly, effective classroom pursuits are critical for success in college. At the same time, “getting out there” through community service can help you experience things you might not learn otherwise. Put these two elements together and things really start to pop. When community service and classroom learning experiences function in tandem, they can produce a synergy that adds a different dimension to your college experience.
“Living with others in a group and reflecting on myself individually, I remembered many of the qualities that bring me happiness and hardship, comfort and insecurity, understanding and inspiration. I learned many of the values that are most important to my being,” says Mount Mercy University student Chris Emery, thinking back on a service learning trip to Appalachia.
New connections emerge in this approach to education. In the “service + learning” equation, the result is often beyond what you would expect from simple arithmetic.
What is service learning?
“The distinctive element of service learning is that it enhances the community through the service provided, but it also has powerful learning consequences for the students or others participating in providing a service,” says the National Service-Learning Clearinghouse.
Brooke Oehme, the Coordinator of Volunteerism and Service Learning at Mount Mercy, describes it as the process of “applying your education in real-world situations. Service learning is where you truly get to learn who you are as a person, and how you can actively live out the beliefs you hold.”
In a service learning model, students are not just vessels to fill with facts and figures. For deep, enduring learning you need to be an active participant in the planning, the doing, and the finding of your voice.
Is service learning the same as volunteering?
Volunteering is important as well, but it’s not quite the same as service learning. One of the major differences between the two is process.
Showing up to serve food in a soup kitchen is a great way to volunteer. True service learning is different because it links community need with a classroom topic. You take theory and put it into practice, and you take the project from concept all the way to completion. Being involved from the very beginning is at the heart of service learning.
For example, you might investigate the topic of soup kitchens—who needs help, where they are located, and what resources you need to make a kitchen work. You could learn from sociologists, social workers, statisticians, and chefs. Then you plan a menu, getting your hands dirty as you get the kitchen up and running. Afterward, you carefully review what you learned so you can take it to the next level and share your findings with others.
These are complex problems in complicated situations; they are not simple textbook exercises. But don’t throw the textbook out just yet! Your knowledge of the textbook, or the cookbook even, prepares you to work in a messy real-life kitchen. The “right answers” aren’t in the back of the book, but service learning takes the classroom to the street, and linking these learning models helps you reach new levels of understanding and experience.
What does the research say?
“Do it!” Researchers in the Higher Education Research Institute at UCLA found students who participated in service learning demonstrated greater engagement in the classroom, an increased sense of personal identity, and a heightened awareness of the world around them. The data identified a positive impact on interpersonal skills (working with others, leadership, and communication), spiritual growth, and moral development.
Analysts at Vanderbilt University reviewed service learning research, finding both students and faculty members reported positive learning effects, such as strengthened critical thinking and problem analysis abilities. This is because service learning participation increases how often students discuss their experiences, intensifies how they learn from one another, and amplifies the emotional and analytical support from faculty members.
From social justice to sustainability, service learning has an impact. Learning takes on a new meaning because the experiences are shared—the group is greater than the sum of its parts acting alone. Peer discussions are meaningful and dynamic. The power of reflection, guided by instructors and mentors, connects personal experiences to classroom studies. Service learning is good for the mind as well as the soul.
What do students say?
“Do it!” Emery, expanding on his Appalachia service, says, “I rediscovered insights about myself that I haven’t thought of for many years. I remembered to love myself as I should love others—and love others with all my heart.”
Cathleen Brehm, a Mount Mercy student who participated in a McAllen, Texas, service learning project, says, “I realized that I love helping people in whatever way I can. . . . There is so much you can do!”
Why should I do it?
“Any student engaged in a liberal arts education can benefit from a service learning approach,” Oehme says. “Areas of math, science, government, education, philosophy, ethics, religion, and others all find connection with service learning.”
Serving puts theory into action. You can see—and experience—how different ideas work (or don’t work) in your community and the world. Students also benefit from the cross-disciplinary nature of service.
“Service-oriented organizations often cross the boundaries of specific disciplines, engaging an individual’s business skills, political knowledge, education theory, and ethical philosophy in a single program. The life lessons students gain from service learning also work to enrich the rest of their college experience, giving them an advantage in the classroom as well as in the real world,” Oehme says. Like so many educational opportunities, what you get out of service learning depends on what you put into it.
How can I get involved?
The first step is simply recognizing a need. “Once you’ve identified a need in your school or community, find a way that you can help meet that need,” Oehme says.
And getting involved may be easier than you think. Many colleges and universities offer service learning programs. These programs make it easy to join with friends and classmates. Read the signs on the dining hall wall or campus center bulletin boards. Which ones jump out at you? Visit your school’s student government association, campus ministries office, or volunteer center to learn more.
For example, Mount Mercy University offers service learning and volunteerism through its Campus Ministry department, which coordinates several trips and activities organized by faculty or staff members, and it’s offered at low or no cost to students. If your college doesn’t offer a formalized service learning program, it may be able to partner with a local nonprofit or sponsor educational seminars, food kitchens, or other community programs.
“There is no limit to the ways you can serve the community,” Oehme says. You may work with a handful of friends to offer a community workshop aimed at athletics, theater, art, or science. Maybe you’ll help rebuild a community after a flood, fire, or tornado. “Local service efforts are always happy to receive assistance from students, and well-established organizations can often help develop student programs in your community, even if your college doesn’t have a service learning curriculum.”
If you’re passionate about a cause not yet supported on campus, then this is your chance to make a difference. Rally your classmates, work with your advisor, or talk to a professor about adding a service learning component to a course. See the need, meet the need!
Oehme sums it up, “Students who participate in service learning programs discover their passions, gain perspective on their place in the world around them, and often discover skills and abilities they did not even know they possessed.”