Black woman with small dreads in black blazer in front of large window

The Importance of Career Prep: How to Plan for Your Dream Job

Is a college degree the ticket to a great job? Not quite. Career preparation is vital for every student, starting as early as high school. Learn more here!

There was once a time that simply earning a college degree could land students a job following graduation. Though there are a handful of professions that offer a pipeline from college to career, these jobs are few and far between. With that being said, remember: Regardless of the major you choose or the degree you earn, career preparation should remain at the forefront of every student’s mind from the day you start looking for colleges to the day you accept a post-grad job offer. Need more convincing? Here’s what you should know about the importance of career prep.

Why do students go to college?

Students may opt to apply to college because it’s what’s expected of them after high school; to pursue their dream job; to get away from home; to become associated with a “top” school; and/or to make their family proud. The reasons vary and are highly individual, but the vast majority of students pursue college with the goal of becoming qualified for a good job—especially if they have a career path in mind that makes them excited—and make a decent living. 

According to a New America survey, Deciding to Go to College, the top three reasons students decide to go to college among the reasons listed in the survey were:

  1. To improve employment opportunities (91%)
  2. To make more money (90%)
  3. To get a good job (89%) 

Seven out of 10 students describe these reasons as “very important,” and the data backs these ambitions:

  • The unemployment rate for Americans with only a bachelor’s degree was 2.5% in 2017, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The unemployment rate for Americans who earned a high school diploma but didn’t attend any college was almost doubled at 4.6%.
  • College graduates have more earning potential on average than people who only have a high school diploma. Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that in 2018, people with a college degree made around $1,198 a week, while someone with a high school diploma earned just $730.
  • Bachelor’s degree holders ages 25–34 earned a median income of around $50,000 in 2016, while their peers without college degrees earned $31,800, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.

However, a degree in hand does not guarantee a job post-graduation. Things have changed drastically over the last several decades, and gone are the days of a degree opening doors without additional effort and considerations. 

Related: Top 10 Career Fields in America: What You Should Know

Misconceptions about college and careers

Students and parents have many beliefs about what a college degree can bring, and some of those beliefs are no longer accurate in today’s competitive job market. But one incredibly common misconception seems to stand above the rest:

“All that college graduates need to be marketable to employers is a college degree...especially if that degree is from a reputable college.”

Unfortunately, that’s simply not the case anymore. “The fact of the matter is that the college graduate job market is very different now than it was 10 or 20 years ago,” said Mark Schappert, a University Employer Relations Partner and College-to-Career Consultant. “Even though overall employment levels were very high going into this past spring, a surprising number of college graduates have been struggling for the last decade to launch and land professional entry-level jobs.” 

How the weight of a college degree has decreased

Years ago, higher education used to be considered more of a privilege than a logical next step. Now, more students than ever are earning a four-year degree than in the past—and as a result, there are more college graduates than there are skilled entry-level jobs. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, between 1910 and 2000, the employment of professional, technical, and kindred workers grew from 1.7 million to 30.2 million. College completion rates have quintupled between 1940 and 2010. So though unemployment is relatively low, we’re seeing a phenomenon of “underemployment.” In fact, about 41% of recent college graduates and 33.8% of all college graduates are underemployed, according to data from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

One of the contributing factors to underemployment is the increase in jobs “preferring” or outright requiring applicants to have a college degree. For example, according to a 2014 Burning Glass Technologies report, 34% of job postings for secretaries and administrative assistants requested a college degree. Economists call this phenomenon “degree inflation” or “credential inflation.” More alarmingly, the unemployment rate for young college graduates exceeds that of the general population.

What students need to do to graduate college career-ready

“These days, a career-ready college graduate needs a a little extra,” says Schappert. There are four elements that are crucial to becoming a well-rounded, career-ready job candidate after graduation: 

  • Job hunt and career field smarts: Basic job search–related skills (search strategies, résumé writing, interviewing) in addition to field awareness, knowledge, and interest
  • Experiences outside of the classroom: Internships, co-ops, projects, volunteering, extracurricular activities
  • A professional network: You know what they say: It’s not what you know. It’s who you know.
  • Both soft and hard skills that align with career interests: Oral communication, teamwork, critical-thinking, and industry-specific technology skills

In addition to developing these, successful college-to-career launchers begin thinking about and planning for careers early in college, are proactive in taking control of their career preparation, and use the abundance of resources available to them (college career services are there for a reason!).

Related: Boost Your Career Advantages With These 5 Liberal Arts Skills

The role of counselors in career prep

One of the many valuable resources available to high school and college students is counseling services. Though high school counselors can help with a student’s transition to college, they often have limited time and varying levels of expertise when it comes to career preparation. Fortunately, college counselors—particularly those in the career services department—can be incredibly helpful (when they have the time).

Utilizing career services in college

According to a 2017 Strada-Gallup Student Survey, after creating or updating a résumé, students tend to favor their career services center’s least beneficial services—taking a skills test, for example—more than they do the more beneficial ones. To boot, fewer than 20% of undergraduate students seek out their school’s career centers for advice on finding jobs or applying to graduate programs, both of which the recent report identifies as some of the most valuable services offered at career centers. If we could offer just one piece of advice: be proactive and utilize the career services office at your college or university, and take advantage of all their offered services!

Hiring a private college or career consultant

Hiring a professional can be a smart move if free career services and resources available to you aren’t “doing the trick.”

  • College consultants can help you identify schools that are a good match for your academic strengths and interests, advise on crafting strong applications, and assist in maximizing financial aid.
  • Private career consultants or coaches can help you target careers that are a good fit for your skills and areas of interest, strongly prepare to launch a career upon graduation, and develop and execute an individualized college-to-career plan.

Related: 8 Reasons to Use the Career Center Before Senior Year

Next steps

In order to truly prepare for today’s competitive job market, students must make a commitment to not only earn a college degree but proactively prepare for their desired career path(s) throughout their college years. A few final tips:

  • Learn as much about yourself as you can and find a few career paths that interest you.
  • Explore and learn about various career options that could be a good fit for your skills and interests.
  • Don’t stop after choosing a major—get granular about what specialty or concentration of that broad academic category you want to pursue.
  • Focus on becoming strongly prepared and ready to launch your career upon graduation.

Download our free Career Prep Worksheet!

To get you started, we’ve created this free-to-download Career Prep Worksheet. It’s a PDF, so you can print it out or fill it out on a desktop computer. The second page is meant to be an in-depth exploration of a certain career field that it can be duplicated or printed multiple times—one for each of your areas of interest. You can also print the third page as many times as needed to track each internship you complete throughout your high school and college career.

Page 1Page 2Page 3

To download, either click the images above or link below to open the worksheet in a new window. From there, choose the download button or choose "File" then "Save as..." in your browser's main menu. Happy career planning!

Download the worksheet now, and find more information on different career paths in our Internships and Careers section!

Like what you’re reading?

Join the CollegeXpress community! Create a free account and we’ll notify you about new articles, scholarship deadlines, and more.

Join Now

Join our community of
over 5 million students!

CollegeXpress has everything you need to simplify your college search, get connected to schools, and find your perfect fit.

Join CollegeXpress


High School Class of 2021

CollegeXpress really helped me by letting me know the colleges ratings and placements. They gave me accurate information on my colleges tuition rates and acceptance. They even let me know the ration between students and faculty and the diversity of the college. Overall they told me everything I needed and things I didnt even think I needed to know about my college and other colleges I applied for.

Jessica Rinker

Jessica Rinker

Student, Fairhaven High School; CollegeXpress Student Writer

My high school counselor introduced me to CollegeXpress freshman year. It has made such a difference in high school, and I plan to continue relying on it in college. CollegeXpress is my go-to because it addresses each aspect of being a student. There are the articles you’d expect regarding college applications and financial aid, but you will also find advice on things like de-stressing and maintaining relationships while balancing a heavy course load. CollegeXpress will also keep you updated on current scholarships through e-mails each Saturday. (They don’t harass you with any product promotion like so many other sites do.) CollegeXpress is a lot like an older sibling who has already conquered the challenges you are facing. Now, they are reaching out a helpful hand. I say take it.

Kory Gilbertson

Kory Gilbertson

High School Class of 2022

CollegeXpress has helped me explore my views on college in that "why do I wanna go to a certain school" way. It’s helped me explore the best fits in all of these outstanding choices. All these college admission counselors can access my accolades showing them how I could help their college. This source of information helps me show these admission directors who I am and what I'm interested in. Thanks to this platform, my experience for education will be better than most, and I'm so grateful for all that it has provided for me.

Jada Bohanon

Jada Bohanon

High School Class of 2021

CollegeXpress has helped me find scholarships for the colleges I applied to. It was very hard for me to find scholarships in the beginning that I was qualified for. My teachers recommended this website to find some, and not only did I find some scholarships but I also got to look into some schools I hadn’t heard of before. I was very happy to have discovered this website, especially with the coronavirus spreading all over as I can’t really go visit many colleges.

Joseph Johnsly

Joseph Johnsly

High School Class of 2021

It's an honor for me to be writing to share a little about my experience with CollegeXpress. I've been using CollegeXpress for about a year now, and the reason why I chose it is because it provides astonishing scholarships for every student around the globe. Besides that, this organization dispenses all the information necessary to help students get to college. CollegeXpress has helped me have an easier experience with applying to colleges and choosing the best fit for myself.

College Matches