What You Need to Know About Athletic Recruitment

If you want to get recruited to play sports in college, you definitely need to start early. Here's everything you need to know about athletic recruitment.

You live for sports. You’re an all-season athlete. Your teammates are your best friends. You’re also probably psyched (and a little nervous) about that mythical college recruitment process. Whether you’re a high school freshman or a senior, this is your college recruitment need-to-know introduction. Making it to high school isn’t just a rite of passage for students and athletes alike—it’s also the start of a four-year athletic recruitment process. Believe it or not, the best of the best in their respective sports are already being scouted as early as freshman year. Thanks to the National College Athletic Association (NCAA) and the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), recruitment is a finely tuned animal, but it can still make your head spin with all its intricacies. So grab your cleats, mouth guard, and uniform and let’s dive in.


The two main associations that govern collegiate athletics determine the process you’ll be going through. Yet, it all starts with figuring out what you’re looking for in a school and athletic program. Take some time and ask yourself these questions: Do I want a public or private college or university? A big or small school? Do I need an athletic scholarship? Once you start thinking about those questions, your path and the schools that best fit your personality will become much clearer. A basic difference between the NCAA and the NAIA is that the NCAA is the larger organization of the two, with over 1,000 affiliated colleges and universities; conversely, the NAIA has close to 300 participating member colleges and universities. NCAA schools also tend to be larger, and it includes the Ivy League, whereas NAIA schools fall on the smaller side. And just because the NCAA is better known doesn’t mean you won’t get the same athletic or academic experience at an NAIA school. In fact, NAIA schools are known to be the equivalent of a NCAA Division II school.

Related: An Inside Look at College Athletic Recruitment

The athletic divisions

NCAA Division I is home to those larger public schools that normally have huge arenas and fields that you've probably seen on television before—those schools with more than 15,000 students like Penn State or the University of Tennessee. This division is highly competitive, and recruitment isn’t taken lightly by any means. Even though Division I is nationally recognized, it doesn’t mean you’re going to get that starting position you’re used to playing in high school. On the upside, however, Division I schools are so large that they tend to have a lot of money tucked away for their athletes. Division II schools are split right down the middle in the public/private arena, which is great because it allows for an array of choices. These schools, according to NCAA.org, have an average of about 4,500 students. It’s a nice mix of Division I and Division III athletics, and as far as money is concerned, more often than not, an athlete can walk away with at least a partial scholarship.

Last but not least is NCAA’s Division III, the lesser known and perhaps more overlooked of the three. One of the big differences you’ll find playing a varsity sport in this division is affiliated schools do not offer athletic scholarships. When asked why students should choose a Division III school over a Division I or Division II school, head basketball coach at Rhodes College in Memphis, Tennessee, Mike DeGeorge says, “For us as a top 50 national liberal arts college, we provide an academic experience that is unique. For the right student who wants high-end academics and an athletic experience that is highly competitive, but not a job, we can be a better fit than many scholarship schools.” It is important to note that the NCAA divisions are merely broken down by the number of athletic teams a school has. It is not a ranking system of how “good” a school is when it comes to athletics and academics.

Don’t let your grades slip

One myth that needs debunking: if you focus on and do well in your sports, grades and academics don’t matter—professors will treat you differently and let you “slide by” in your school work. False. According to Susie Whelan, former all-star player at the College of Holy Cross and current head field hockey coach at NCAA Division III school Worcester State University, academics are “very important, even though people don’t think they are because ‘sports get you in.’” Without strong grades and classroom performance, you can kiss furthering your athletic future goodbye. When asked if academics were important to the recruiters, Bridget Lemire, former high school athlete and current freshman softball player at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, responded with a resounding “Definitely.” “Before I was even allowed to go on an unofficial visit I had to have my grades faxed to UMass,” she says. At the end of the day, you might even be a recruiter’s top choice, but if you don’t get into the school through the regular application process—whether it’s because your application is incomplete or your grades weren’t good enough—you will not be playing on that school’s team any time soon. “We need great students who are talented players that possess toughness and a commitment to excellence,” says Coach DeGeorge.

Related: How to Balance Schoolwork, Exercise, and Other Activities: Students Speak 

What to do each year of school

The NCAA has specific rules for all its sports, making it difficult to list every intricacy between each division. While you can use the following information as a general guide, you should check out NCAA’s website for the particulars of what needs to be done for your sport.

  • Freshman year: During freshman year of high school, your primary focus should be your academics, followed closely by working hard athletically. Take this time to peruse the NCAA site and learn about your sport and the different divisions. While you’re doing your research, start making a list of schools that stand out to you.
  • Sophomore year: When sophomore year hits, start checking your mailbox for recruitment materials! The process really begins when you find out which schools and coaches are interested in you. In most cases, you can start contacting coaches in any of the divisions. They aren’t allowed to initiate contact with you at this point, so it’s all on you. You need to let coaches know you’re interested in them. Sophomore year also marks the start of standardized testing. Take the PSATs to get an idea of how the real SAT will go and show you where you need to improve before colleges see your scores. “At the end of your sophomore year before school lets out, request a copy of your transcript and school profile. Send a copy of your transcript, any test scores you have, and your profile to each school you are interested in,” says Coach Whelan.
  • Junior year: When you finally reach junior year, it’s time to get serious. Believe it or not, college is right around the corner! Sign up for the SAT or ACT and get a head start, so if you don’t do so well the first time around, you can take them again. Talk to your school counselor about where you stand in your academics; they are one of the best resources you have available to you, since the NCAA rules are so strict about communicating with coaches
  • Senior year: And then there’s senior year. This is when everything starts happening. Coaches can now contact you more frequently and can ask you to come to the school on official visits. This is also a time when a coach can have you come for an evaluation of your skills, which often includes practicing with the team.

As actual athletics are concerned, coaches “really want to see recruits live to evaluate,” says DeGeorge. “It is very difficult to get a feel for the speed and size of the game on film.” Seeing an athlete live can range from going to an actual game or going to a summer clinic or camp, both of which were a huge help for Lemire. “I went to all the summer camps and clinics that the UMass coach had; that really allowed me to be noticed by her.” If a coach is having a clinic and you're invited, go!

How to get noticed

There are many factors involved in getting noticed by a coach, including more than just your athletic ability and academic performance. “Make sure you represent yourself in the best possible way, especially off the field,” says Lemire. “Most coaches will look at how you treat your parents, how you talk to other people, and how you talk to your teammates. It may seem small, but it’s a very important thing.” At the end of the day, a coach wants the overall player. DeGeorge adds, “We work hard to evaluate in the spring and summer at AAU and exposure events, and then find out about academics and character to find the right fit.” It’s all about the melding of all aspects of an athlete. Whelan offers another great piece of advice: “Always be polite and don’t let your parents do all the talking! Parents should never be the ones calling the coach.” As you enter college, you are now an adult, so the recruitment process is something you really have to take ownership for.

Related: 22 Social Media Tips for Athletic Recruitment

Don’t get caught up in the semantics of NCAA or NAIA, or making your way onto the “best” team. You’ll find yourself stuck in the process and losing sight of what you’re really after—a school that fits you. Just remember your goals, visit schools, do your research until you find your #1 draft pick college or university, and everything else will fall into place.

For more advice to help you through your journey as a student-athlete, check out the content in our College Athletics section.

Connect with the featured schools mentioned in this article!

Connect with the U of Tennessee!

Connect with Rhodes College!

Connect with Worcester State!

Like what you’re reading?

Join the CollegeXpress community! Create a free account and we’ll notify you about new articles, scholarship deadlines, and more.

Join Now

Join our community of
over 5 million students!

CollegeXpress has everything you need to simplify your college search, get connected to schools, and find your perfect fit.

Join CollegeXpress


High School Class of 2021

CollegeXpress is a multi-maneuver platform that has been helping students in their college applications and scholarship hunt process. For me, CollegeXpress has been a boon. I've been able to find my dream university via CX, and I've also been able to apply to thousands of scholarships through it. All the thanks to CollegeXpress for doing such a great job for free. I express my sincere gratitude to you for doing such a wonderful job. I recommend CollegeXpress without any reservations.



High School Class of 2021

CollegeXpress helped me find the school I am currently attending by consistently sending me emails of other schools. This allowed me to do research on other schools as well as the one I am in now!

Yuhlani Patterson

Yuhlani Patterson

High School Student

CollegeXpress has helped me find so many scholarships that fit me. They match me to colleges I have specific interest in to make searching for colleges way easier and more efficient. CollegeXpress refers me to schools that have my major of interest and backup schools if I want to change my mind. CollegeXpress also gives out their own scholarships, so you have even more of a chance at gaining multiple scholarships. This website has helped me de-stress from the pressure of not being able to afford college, [of finding] what schools are right for me, and how to find easy access to scholarships that most people never knew existed.

Heaven Johnson

Heaven Johnson

Back to School Scholarship Winner, High School Class of 2023

I’d like to thank everyone on the CollegeXpress team for their generosity. Not only have I been awarded this scholarship, but CollegeXpress makes it easier to apply and gives amazing tips for schools and scholarships. I am extremely grateful as this will help with my schooling and allow me to be able to enter into the field I’ve been dreaming of all my life. 

Kyla McClain

Kyla McClain

High School Class of 2024

I found CollegeXpress when you partnered with Bold.org for a scholarship. I found your website, put my information in, and got connected. I only wanted to stay in North Carolina [for college] and not move far from home, but you all opened a door up for me. I started researching colleges you suggested for me. On your social media platforms, you also give really good test-taking tips that I used and suggested others to do the same. It helped me a lot on my exams, so thank you.

College Matches

Colleges You May Be Interested In

Thiel College

Greenville, PA

High Point University

High Point, NC

Norwich University

Northfield, VT